Angkor Wat
khmer Ballet Dance
Khmer Shadow Theatre
Preah Vihear
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Angkor Wat
Preah Vihear
Preah Vihear
Preah Vihear

Preah Vihear

Preah VihearThe temple of Preah Vihear is situated in the north, on the edge of the Dang Rek Range at the altitude of 625 m above sea level. Administratively, it is in Sra-em commune, Cheam Khsan district, Preah Vihear province, about 400 Km north of Phnom Penh and 140 Km northeast of Angkor. The site is exceptional for the quality of its architecture and location adapting to the natural environment and the religious function of the temple. It is also an outstanding masterpiece of Khmer architecture, in terms of plan, decorations and relationship to the spectacular landscape environment.

At the 32nd Session of the World Heritage Committee, 2008 in Quebec, Canada, the temple of Preah Vihear was inscribed on the World Heritage List for its Outstanding Universal Value under criteria (i), that is “Preah Vihear is an outstanding masterpiece of Khmer architecture. It is very ‘pure’ both in plan and in the detail of its decoration.” Prior to the listing of the site on the world heritage list, the Royal Government of Cambodia established the National Authority for the Protection and Conservation of the Historical Site of Preah Vihear on June 01, 2006, as an instrumental mechanism to carry out the mandates for the protection and management of the site. After listing of the site, the National Authority for Preah Vihear (NAPV) is to undertake sustainable conservation and development projects within the inscribed site.

The temple is composed of a series of sanctuaries linked by a system of pavements, staircases and steps rising the hill toward the main sanctuary sitting on the clifftop at the southern end of the complex over 800 meters long on the north-south axis. This ground plan makes the Preah Vihear temple a unique and exceptional architectural composition of master buildings in the Khmer civilization. There were several successions of constructions at the site; the earlier one was at the 9th century, followed by the 11th constructions, under the reign of King Suryavarman I (1002-1050) whose remain buildings are visible until now. The site serves as a sacred place worshipping to the Hindu god Shiva manifesting as Sikharesvara (the Lord of Peak) and his figures are depicted on pediments and lintels.

It is important to recall that the International Court of Justice (ICJ) by its judgment of 15 June 1962, “finds that the Temple of Preah Vihear is situated in territory under the sovereignty of Cambodia.”


Documents



Certificate